Both mohair fabric and synthetic fabrics come in a variety of finishes. Be aware that fabric finishes are sometimes referred to differently in different places.
For example a fabric could be referred to as crushed but could also be described as distressed or sparse could be referred to as vintage. People try to use words to describe what can only be accurately judged by seeing and touching or sometimes from a picture and you can therefore see how many names can be invented to describe one fabric.
Normally when you buy a quarter meter piece of fabric off a roll it would be a long piece. In bear making it is usual to cut in "fat quarters" as this gives you a more useable area to cut out your pieces from the bear pattern The pieces are referred to as "fat" because they are cut in a square shape.
Fabrics are usually (almost always) sold in sizes of…
Synthetics: fat - quarter meter, half meter, and 1 meter
Mohair: fat - eighth meter, quarter meter, half meter, and 1 meter
A fat eighth of a meter measures about 50 cm x 35 cm. It is usually enough to make up to a 25 cm (10 inch) bear.
A fat quarter measures about 50 cm x 70 cm and is usually enough to make up to a 40 cm (16 inch) bear.
A half meter measures about 50 cm x 140 cm and is cut straight across the roll.
A one meter piece measures about 100 cm x 140 cm and is cut straight across the roll.
These measurements are a guideline only, and the size bear you will get from your fabric depends on the pattern design and how well you place your pieces on the fabric before cutting. As a general rule, always order a little too much than too little. You can always make a small bear out of your leftovers.
Most fur fabrics are easily sewn on a domestic sewing machine but a lot of quality bear artists sew their creations by hand. In practice, there is very little difference. Machine sewing is just as durable as hand sewing.
For very small bears, sewing by hand is often the only way. We have spoken to people who sew the large parts on the machine and the footpads and head gusset by hand. Obviously, you choose the way that you prefer of feel happiest with.