LADDER STITCH... The ladder stitch is used to close the opening after you have stuffed your teddy.
From the right side of fabric take a stitch through one layer of fabric 1/4 inch (6mm) away from the cut edge. Cross over the opening to other edge and take a stitch there. When you do it properly the cut edge will turn to the inside.
OVERCAST STITCH... The overcast stitch is used to finish the raw edge of the ear and to sew the ear to the head. As its name suggests, the thread wraps over the edge of fabric.
RUNNING STITCH... The running stitch is used to gather fabric together. You run your needle in and out of the fabric in a line along the seam allowance.
TAILOR TACKS... Tailor tacks are thread markers that you attach to your fabric to show you the position of the eyes and ears.
They are placed on the outside of the fabric and you insert one stitch at each location that you want to mark leaving an inch (25mm) of loose thread tails on both ends of the stitch with no knots. Remove them when you have positioned your eye or ear.
Head and Arm JOINTS
SAFETY JOINTS... 2 plastic discs and a metal star washer with one of the plastic discs having a pin or shank moulded onto it.
The disc with the shank goes inside the limb (arm or leg or head) and this is inserted into the other disc which has been placed inside the body of the teddy.
The shank is placed through the body fabric so that it appears INSIDE THE BODY of the teddy and is then held in place by the metal washer, inserted, very firmly, over the shank, inside the body of the bear.
COTTER PIN JOINTS... 2 discs, (usually hardboard) 2 metal washers plus 1 split or cotter pin.
With this jointing system, one of the metal washers is placed on the split pin followed by one of the discs, this half of the joint is then inserted into the limb or the head.
Once you have inserted the assembly into the body (fur should be against fur here) the other disc, followed by the washer are placed over the pin
To secure, from the inside of the body, the pin is then split and turned down against the metal washer as hard as reasonably possible. Use either your needle-nose pliers or a ‘cotter key’. Remember that limbs will loosen slightly with use over time.